COP26 leaders vow new drive to save forests

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COP26 leaders vow new drive to save forests

 

GLASGOW, Nov 2, 2021 (BSS/AFP) –

 

World leaders on Tuesday issued a 
multibillion-dollar pledge to end deforestation by 2030, a promise met with 
scepticism by environmental groups who say more urgent action is needed to 
save the planet’s lungs.

   According to summit hosts the British government, the pledge is backed by 
almost $20 billion in public and private funding and is endorsed by more than 
100 leaders representing over 85 percent of the world’s forests, including 
the Amazon rainforest, Canada’s northern boreal forest and the Congo Basin 
rainforest.

   British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the agreement on deforestation 
was pivotal to the overarching goal of limiting temperature rises to 1.5 
degrees Celsius — the most ambitious Paris Agreement target.

   “Climate change and biodiversity are two sides of the same coin,” Johnson 
said Tuesday.

   “We can’t deal with the devastating loss of habitat and species without 
tackling climate change and we can’t tackle climate change without protecting 
our natural environment and respecting the rights of indigenous people.”

   “So protecting our forests is not only the right course of action to 
tackle climate change, but the right course for a more prosperous future for 
us all,” he said.

   Signatories include Brazil and Russia, which have been singled out for 
accelerating deforestation in their territories, as well as the United 
States, China, Australia and France.

   The government of Brazil, much criticised for its environmental policies, 
announced Monday at the summit that it would cut 2005-level greenhouse gas 
emissions in half by 2030 — up from a previous pledge of 43 percent.

   “We are presenting a new, more ambitious climate goal,” Environment 
Minister Joaquim Leite announced in a message transmitted from Brasilia to 
Glasgow.

   Leite also said Brazil would aim to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

   – Not new – 

   The summit pledge to “halt and reverse deforestation and land degradation 
by 2030″ encompasses promises to secure the rights of indigenous peoples, and 
recognise “their role as forest guardians”.

   While Johnson described the pledge as “unprecedented”, a UN climate 
gathering in New York in 2014 issued a similar declaration to halve the rate 
of deforestation by 2020, and end it by 2030.

   However, trees continue to be cut down on an industrial scale, not least 
in the Amazon under the far-right government of Brazilian President Jair 
Bolsonaro. 

   Deforestation in Brazil surged in 2020, leading to a 9.5-percent increase 
in its emissions.

   Humans have already cut down half of Earth’s forests, a practice doubly 
harmful for the climate when CO2-sucking trees are replaced with livestock or 
monoculture crops.

   Almost a quarter of all man-made emissions of carbon dioxide can be 
attributed to land use activity such as logging, deforestation and farming.

   President Joko Widodo of resource-rich Indonesia said his own 
archipelago’s rainforests, mangroves, seas and peatlands were key to 
restricting climate change.

   “We are committed to protecting these critical carbon sinks and our 
natural capital for future generations,” he said in a statement.

   – 10 more years –

   Greenpeace criticised the Glasgow initiative for effectively giving the 
green light to “another decade of deforestation”.

   “Indigenous peoples are calling for 80 percent of the Amazon to be 
protected by 2025, and they’re right, that’s what’s needed,” said Greenpeace 
Brazil executive director Carolina Pasquali.

   “The climate and the natural world can’t afford this deal,” she said.

   Many studies have shown that the best way of protecting forests worldwide 
is to keep them under the management of locals with generations of 
preservation knowledge. 

   The commitment comes a day after UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres 
harangued the gathered leaders to act to save humanity.

   “It’s time to say: enough,” he said.

   “Enough of brutalising biodiversity. Enough of killing ourselves with 
carbon. Enough of burning and drilling and mining our way deeper. We are 
digging our own graves.”

   The UN COP26 conference will continue for another two weeks to try to 
craft national plans to forestall the most devastating impacts of global 
warming.

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